Eclectic Tarot

The Morrighan

Her message, time to deal with ego in your life

It is time stop blaming others, take action and personal responsibility for your life.

The Morrighan is a Warrior Goddess,She is also sovereign.

Find the strength within to conquer your demons. If not

They will conquer you.

Adversity comes to all, it is how are we going to deal with it.

Other images from the Universal Goddess Tarot

Universal Goddess Tarot

Universal Goddess Tarot

Eclectic Tarot Connection

Tarot Connection.  For those interested in Tarot or for those wishing to learn the basics of Tarot.   Emphasis will be on using your intuition.

History of Tarot

Tarot History
Although researchers have  tried for years to pinpoint the true origin of
the Tarot, they are still unsure  who created the first deck.  Some believe
they were in use as long ago as  the early 1300’s in Italy.
During the late 1700’s and into the early  1800’s Eliphas Levi, a Catholic
Priest, writer, and teacher, created the basis  for the most popular Tarot
cards still in use today.  Although Levi was  born and trained for the
Catholic Priesthood, he studied many other religions  and subjects as well.  He
studied the Jewish, Hindu, Polish and Masonic  religions and Cabalism.  Levi
was also a student of astronomy, astrology,  and the metaphysics.  When he
created his first Tarot deck, he incorporated  his knowledge of religions, the
elements in nature (fire, water, earth, air),  and what were believed to be
powerful astrological events and symbols (most of  which are still popular
today).  There are even references to scriptures  from The Bible shown in
some of the cards.  Levi claimed he created the  cards as a tool to aid his
students in the art of spiritual enlightenment, self  improvement, and self
awareness.
It wasn’t until the late 1800’s that A.  E. Waite realized that the cards
could be used to predict possible future  events.  Waite created the
Rider-Waite deck based on the works of Eliphas  Levi, and published the cards in
1896.  The Rider-Waite Tarot deck is the  most widely used version currently in
existence.
The Tarot was then  introduced into the Western culture in the early
1900’s, and were extremely  popular during World War I.
In the 1990’s more people are opening up to  the idea of Tarot readers,
Astrologers, and Psychics, yet there are still some  who believe the cards are
evil, or hold some kind of evil power.  This is  simply not true at all.
The cards do not possess any mysterious powers,  nor can they harm anyone if
they are read  in the proper perspective.   The Tarot cards reflect thoughts
and actions in our subconscious and conscious  mind.  Mind over matter to
use the term loosely.  They can and should  be used only for positive reasons.
  As with anything else, if used with  negative or malicious intent, the
negativity (evil if you will) that is created  will only come back on the
invoker.
The Tarot are best suited for  learning about oneself, and one’s reactions
to life’s seemingly never ending  struggles, to increase self awareness, and
possibly to obtain a new point of  view of life itself.  They can help to
clarify past events, understand why  the events took place, and possibly give
some insight into how to avoid making  the same mistakes again, or even how
to make the good events happen again.   The cards can also predict possible
future events.  Sometimes, just knowing  ahead of time an event may occur,
is enough to change the person’s path and  future outcome.
The Tarot cards were not meant to be feared or evil; but  it is human
nature to fear the unknown or the unexplained.  Today, Tarot  readers have made
themselves available almost everywhere in the United States as  well as some
other countries, and are helping millions of people every day to  cope with
life’s uncertainties.  Who are we to discount something that  benefits so
many people so often?
For those who believe that Tarot are  evil, and that anyone who
acknowledges the existence of Tarot will surely burn  in hell:
Almost every religion states in one fashion or another that if you  do not
believe in my God, you shall be rejected on your day of judgment (you’ll  go
to hell).  Doesn’t anyone stop to think that we are all going to hell in
someone else’s eyes?
President Theodore Roosevelt once said, “The only  limit to our
realizations of tomorrow will be our doubts of  today.”

Other theories: From Crystal links

  • the cards are allegories of Sufi masters;
  • Grail legend depictions;
  • the Indian game Chaturanga, a forerunner of chess;
  • Indian holy texts;
  • Gypsy imports;
  • Hebrew lore;
  • Greek philosophy;
  • ancestors of Mesopotamian copper cylinders;
  • symbols handed down from prehistoric oral stories;
  • symbols from ancient Central American Indian cultures;
  • wisdom of prehistoric matriarchal cultures;
  • teaching aids of the Waldenses, a persecuted Christian sect;
  • surviving lore of the Order of Knights Templar, founded in 1188 to protect pilgrims and guard the ways to the Holy Land;
  • creation of the 13th century alchemists, the Tarot containing hidden alchemical imagery

Speculation aside, we don’t know, and perhaps will never know, what the original Tarot cards looked like. Nor do we know where they came from or who created them. We don’t even know how many were contained in a deck. It has frustrated Tarot experts and inspired countless origin theories. However they came to be, the images of Tarot, like all true symbols, resound spontaneous self-expressions from the psyche’s deepest springs; and for that reason they hold up magic mirrors to whatever reactions we bring them. Like all authentic artistic creations, Tarots are ultimately a mystery and will remain so.

Use of Tarot Cards in DivinationSince the Egyptianizing ruminations in Le Monde primitif by Antoine Court de Gebelin (1781) which soon inspired the occultism of “Etteilla” (Jean-Babtiste Alliette), it has been believed by many that the Tarot is far older than this. Based on purported similarities of imagery and reinforced by the added numbering, some claim that Tarot originated in ancient Egypt, Hebrew mystic tradition of the Kabbalah, or a wide variety of other exotic places and times. Such ideas, however, are speculative.

In fact, although much of Tarot imagery looks mysterious or exotic to modern users, nearly all of it reflects conventional symbolism popular in the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance. Nearly all of it may easily be interpreted as a reflection of the dominant Christian values of the times. Thus, the earliest Tarots may have been depictions of the carnival parades that ushered in the Christian season of Lent or the related motif of hierarchical powers found in Petrarch’s poem I Trionfi. These trionfi or triumphs were elaborate productions which layered then-fashionable Graeco-Roman symbolism over a Christian allegory of sin, grace, and redemption. Notably, the earliest versions of the World card show a conventional image known from period religious art to represent St. Augustine’s “Heavenly City”, and it is not coincidence that it often closely follows the Judgement card.

Several other early Tarot-like sequences of portable art survive to place the Visconti deck in context. Later confusion about the symbolism stems, in part, from the occult decks, which began a process of steadily paganizing and universalizing the symbolism to the point where the underlying Christian allegory has been somewhat obscured (as, for example, when the Rider-Waite deck of the early Twentieth Century changed “The Pope” to “The Hierophant” and “The Popess” to “The High Priestess”). It is notable that between 1450 and 1500 the Tarot was actually recommended for the instruction of the young by Church moralists. Not until fifty years after the Visconti deck did it become associated with gambling, and not until the 18th century and Gebelin and Etteilla with occultism.

The Tarot cards eventually came to be associated with mysticism and magic. This was actually a late rather than early development, as we can tell from period sources on card divination and magic. The Tarot was not widely adopted by mystics, occultists and secret societies until the 18th and 19th century. The tradition began in 1781, when Antoine Court de Gebelin, a Swiss clergyman and Freemason, published Le Monde Primitif, a speculative study which included religious symbolism and its survivals in the modern world.

De Gebelin first asserted that symbolism of the Tarot de Marseille asserted represented the mysteries of Isis and Thoth.

Gebelin further claimed that the name “tarot” came from the Egyptian words tar, meaning “royal”, and ro, meaning “road”, and that the Tarot therefore represented a “royal road” to wisdom. Gebelin asserted these and similar views dogmatically; he presented no clear factual evidence to substantiate his claims.

In addition, Gebelin wrote before Champollion had deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphs. Later Egyptologists found nothing in the Egyptian language that supports de Gebelin’s fanciful etymologies, but these findings came too late; by the time authentic Egyptian texts were available, the identification of the Tarot cards with the Egyptian “Book of Thoth” was already firmly established in occult practice.

Although tarot cards were used for fortune-telling in Bologna, Italy in the 1700s, they were first widely publicized as a divination method by Alliette, also called “Etteilla”, a French occultist who reversed the letters of his name and worked as a seer and card diviner shortly before the French Revolution.

Etteilla designed the first esoteric Tarot deck, adding astrological attributions and “Egyptian” motifs to various cards, altering many of them from the Marseille designs, and adding divinatory meanings in text on the cards. Etteilla decks, although now eclipsed by Smith and Waite’s fully-illustrated deck andAleister Crowley’s “Thoth” deck, remain available. Later Marie-Anne Le Normand popularized divination and prophecy during the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte. This was due, in part, to the influence she wielded over Josephine de Beauharnais, Napoleon’s first wife. However, she did not typically use Tarot.

Interest in Tarot by other occultists came later, during the Hermetic Revival of the 1840s in which (among others) Victor Hugo was involved. The idea of the cards as a mystical key was further developed by Eliphas Levi and passed to the English-speaking world by The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.

Levi, not Etteilla, is considered by some to be the true founder of most contemporary schools of Tarot; his 1854 Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie (English litle: Transcendental Magic) introduced an interpretation of the cards which related them to Kabbalah.

While Levi accepted Court de Gebelin’s claims about an Egyptian origin of the deck symbols, he rejected Etteilla’s innovations and his altered deck, and devised instead a system which related the Tarot, especially the Tarot de Marseille, to the Kabbalah and the four elements of alchemy. On the other hand, to this day some of Etteilla’s divinatory meanings for Tarot are still used by some Tarot praclitioners.

Tarot became increasingly popular beginning in 1910, with the publication of the Rider-Waite-Smith Tarot, which took the step of including symbolic images related to divinatory meanings on the numeric cards. (Arthur Edward Waite had been an early member of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn). In the 20th century, a huge number of different decks were created, some traditional, some vastly different. Thanks, in part, to marketing by the publisher U.S. Games Systems, the Rider-Waite-Smith deck has been extremely popular in the English-speaking world beginning in the 1970s.

Tarot DecksThe oldest group of surviving Tarot cards, called Tarocchi in Italian, appears to date from 1420 to 1450.

Tarocchi (Italian, plural form of Tarocco) also known as Tarock (German-Austrian name) and Tarot (French name), is a specific form of playing card deck, which in its history was used for different trick-taking games and also for cartomantic interests and divination (concrete forms appear at least since the article of Court de Gebelin in the year 1781), also as a field for artists to display specific iconographical forms often connected to an ideological system in the background (already a strong factor in the first decks known in 15th century). It is recorded as one of the oldest types of playing card decks known.

The playing material (a deck with usually 4×14 normal Italian suits and court cards, which include in contrast to other forms a cavallo or knight, with additional 21 trumps and a Fool; the suits may differ from other national patterns) is older than the name of the game, which, according current research state, became known in the year 1505 parallel in France (Taraux) and Ferrara (Italy, as Tarocchi) (Tarot press note) (Details). An earlier form of the game had the name Trionfi or triumphs, this name developed later as general term for trick-taking (trumpfen in German, to trump in English) and disappeared in its original function as deck name. This earlier name of the game is first documented in February 1442, Ferrara {document).

Although the objects are relatively clear of Italian origin (28 notes of the term Trionfi from 1442 – 1463 are counted), it seems, that the final name Tarocchi developed from French influence (Italian speakers of today claim that French words with an ending “-ot” had been commonly transformed in endings with “-occo” and “-occhi”.) The poet Berni in 1526 still has some mockery for this (still new) word: “Let him look to it, who is pleased with the game of Tarocco, that the only signification of this word Tarocco, is stupid, foolish, simple, fit only to be used by bakers, cobblers, and the vulgar

Although the oldest cards that we have are hand-painted ones, many scholars believe that printed or wood block cards predate the hand-painted ones. However, as most early printed cards were much-used and of poor quality, the earliest printed cards date from later than the hand-painted ones by twenty to fifty years so that there is no physical evidence to show which type of cards were the first to be created.

The typical 78-card tarot deck is structured into two distinct parts. The first, called the Trump cards, consists of 21 cards without suits, plus a 22nd card, The Fool, which is sometimes given the value of zero (0).

The second consists of 56 cards divided into four suits of 14 cards each. The traditional Italian suits are Swords, Batons, Coins and Cups. In modern tarot decks, the Batons suit is commonly called Wands, Rods or Staves, while the Coins suit is often called Pentacles or Disks.

Among those who use Tarot cards for divination purposes, the trumps are usually called Major Arcana, while the other cards are known as the Minor Arcana. (Arcana is the plural form of the Latin word arcanum, meaning “closed” or “secret”.)

The four court cards (or face cards) of the tarot deck traditionally consist of the King, the Queen, the Knight and the Page (or Knave). In bridge or poker decks, the court cards typically consist of the King, the Queen and the Jack. The Jack corresponds to the tarot deck’s Page.

In the present-day Anglo-American world, the Tarot is usually seen either as a means of divination, the practice of ascertaining information from supernatural or other sources, or, in a more modern view, as a psychological tool for accessing the unconscious. However, early references such as a sermon refer only to the use of the cards for game-playing and gambling; and in some European countries such as France, Italy, Switzerland, Austria and Germany, as Michael Dummett points out in Twelve Tarot Games (1980), Tarot games are still widely played.

Early Tarot DecksThe relationship between Tarot cards and playing cards is well documented. Playing cards appeared quite suddenly in Christian Europe during the period 1375-1380, following several decades of use in Islamic Spain: see playing card history for discussion of its origins. Early European sources describe a deck with typically 52 cards, like a modern deck with no jokers. The 78-card Tarot resulted from adding 21 Trumps and the Fool to an early 56-card variant (14 cards per suit). A greater distribution of playing cards in Europe can with some certainty be given for the year 1377 and the following years. Tarot cards only developed some 40 years later, and they are mentioned, possibly for the first time, in the surviving text of Martiano da Tortona (it can be found in translation on the Web). Initially, tarot cards were only known as “trionfi” (triumphs). Only later did the name “tarocchi” appear.

The likely date for da Tortona’s text is between 1418 and 1425, since in 1418 the confirmed painter Michelino da Besozzo returned to Milan, and Martiano da Tortona died in 1425. It cannot be proven, of course, that Tarot cards did not exist earlier, but it seems improbable, because the date of the Martiano da Tortona text is at least 15 years earlier than other clear confirming documents. Da Tortona describes a deck similar to Tarot cards in specific points, but in other ways quite different. What he describes is more a predevelopment to Tarot than what we might think of as “real” Tarot cards. For instance, it has only 16 trumps; its motifs are not comparable to common Tarot cards (they are Greek gods); and the suits are not the common Italian suits, but four kinds of birds.

What makes da Tortona’s deck similar to Tarot cards is that these 16 cards are obviously regarded as trump cards in a card game, and that, about 25 years later, a nearly contemporary speaker, Jacopo Antonio Marcello, called them a “ludus triumphorum” – a term that is regarded as a relatively certain indicator of Tarot-similar objects when it appears in relation to playing cards.

The next documents that seem to confirm the existence of objects similar to Tarot cards are two playing card decks from Milan (Brera-Brambrilla and Cary-Yale-Tarocchi) – extant, but fragmentary – and three documents, all from the court of Ferrara, Italy. The playing cards are naturally not precisely datable, but it is estimated that they were made circa 1440.

The three documents are from 1 January 1441 to July 1442, with the term “trionfi” first documented in February 1442. The provenance of the document from January 1441, which used the term “Trionfi” not, might be regarded as insecure, however, certain circumstances make it plausible, that it already was a deck of this developing type (same painter: Sagramoro, same commissioner: Leonello d’Este as in the document of February 1442); this is discussed on the site. After 1442, a longer pause (seven years) occurred without any confirming material, which doesn’t give any reason to assume a greater distribution of the game in these years.

Till this time all relevant early documents point to an origin of the Trionfi cards (later Tarocchi cards) in the upper class of the society in Italy, and specifically to the courts of Milan and Ferrara. At the time, these were the most exclusive courts of their time in Europe. The number of existing decks might have been quite small. The game seems to gain in importance in the year 1450 – a Jubilee year in Italy, which saw many festivities and traffic of pilgrims.

The following frequent documentary evidence of the decks in the period from 1450 to 1463 is documented on the Web at the same place.

In the given context, it’s obvious that the special motifs on the trumps, which were added to normal playing cards with a usual 4×14-structure, were ideologically determined. They have been thought to show a specific system that could transport messages of different content; known early examples show philosophical, social, poetical, astronomical and heraldic ideas, for instance, as well as a group of old Roman/Greek/Babylonian heroes that could serve as content as in the case of the Sola-Busca-Tarocchi and the Boiardo Tarocchi poem.

For example, the above-mentioned earliest-known deck, extant only in its description in Martiano’s short book, was produced to show a Greek gods system (an ideological idea at a time when Greek content was taken in Italy with some enthusiasm). Very likely its production accompanied a triumphal festivity of the commissioner Filippo Maria Visconti, which means the deck had the concrete function of expressing and consolidating the political power in Milan (as common for the time also in other productions of art). The 4 suits showed birds, which appeared regularly in common Visconti-heraldic, and the used specific order of the gods gives reason to assume, that the deck partly should focus, that the Visconti identified themselves as descendants from Jupiter and Venus (which were – as in this time usual – seen not as gods, but as heroes, which were deified once).

This first known deck seems to have had the usual 10 number cards, but kings only and only 16 trumps – the later standard (4×14 + 22) wasn’t settled and still in 1457 a document is known, which speaks of Trionfi decks with 70 cards only . Till the Boiardo Tarocchi poem (produced at an unknown date between 1461 and 1494) and the Sola Busca Tarocchi (1491) any confirming evidence for the final standard form with all 78 cards is missing.

Individual researchers’ opinions formulate cause these facts in the current moment, that the Trionfi decks of the early time had mostly 5×14 cards only and that the row of trumps and fool were simply considered as a 5th suit with predefined trump-function.

The oldest surviving Tarot cards are three early to mid-15th century sets, all made for members of the Visconti family, rulers of Milan. The oldest of these existing Tarot decks was perhaps painted to celebrate a mid-15th century wedding joining the ruling Visconti and Sforza families of Milan, probably painted by Bonifacio Bembo and other miniaturists of the Ferrara school. Of the original cards, 35 are in the Pierpont Morgan Library, 26 cards are at the Accademia Carrara, 13 are at the Casa Colleoni, 4 cards (the Devil, the Tower, the Three of Swords, and the Knight of Coins) being lost or possibly never made. This “Visconti-Sforza” deck, which has been widely reproduced in varying quality, combines the suits of Swords, Staves, Coins and Cups, and face cards King, Queen, Knight and Page with trumps that reflect conventional iconography of the time to a significant degree.

For a long time Tarot cards remained privileged to the upper class of society. The Roman Catholic Church and most civil governments did not routinely condemn tarot cards during tarot’s early history. In fact, in some jurisdictions, tarot cards were specifically exempted from laws otherwise prohibiting regular playing cards. However, some sermons inveighing against the evil inherent in cards can be traced to the 14th century.

As the earliest Tarot cards were hand-painted, the number of the produced decks is considered to have been rather small. Only after the invention of the printing press mass production of cards became possible. Decks from this era survive from various cities in France at various times (the best known in this context being the city of Marseille, in southern France) perhaps from the early 16th century, though actual surviving examples are no earlier than the 17th century. At around the same time, the name “Tarocchi” appeared.

A general farspread, now traditional, hypothesis stated that the final form of the Tarot with a (4×14)+22 structure was settled ca. 1450. This opinion is based on the suggestion, that the surviving 68 Bembo cards had in the “6 added trumps” only replacements for earlier “lost cards”. An alternative view states that early Tarot decks would usually have 70 cards, and that the deck by Bonifacio Bembo only has two cards missing. Of worth for the situation of the development is the Tarot History Fact Sheet, which was composed on the base of the common ground of various researchers.

Esoteric Views on the History of TarotSince 1781, when Antoine Court de Gebelin published his “Le Monde Primatif”, in which he claimed Tarot cards held the “secrets of the Egyptians”, without producing any evidence to sustain his claims, Tarot cards have been written about by many esoterians who have advanced speculative views on the history of Tarot cards. From this mystical vantage-point, the origin and history of the Tarot is unclear and often idealized.

Many Hermetic traditions, such as the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, which have made claims that the Tarot system was derived from ancient mystery religions as a visually encoded framework of the archetypal concepts seminal to the journey of enlightenment, have blossomed after the freemasonic writer (Court de Gebelin)- with link to the online text in French) published his text about the Tarot, in which he incorporated some writing of the Comte de Mellet, in the year 1781.

Naturally the playing card research conditions of the year 1781 were not remotely comparable to the much better research situation of today, Gebelin’s errors and partly wild speculations, which proved nonetheless of some importance for the development of Western Esotericism, were natural in his time because of missing information. A good and informative timeline of the development short before and after Gebelin is given by the book author Mary Greer.

The Hermetics were quick to point out that in a qabalistic analysis, Tarot is equivalent to Rota (Wheel) or Tora (Law) indicating they were a representation of the ‘Wheel of the Law’. (Note that this theory, which tries to explain the name “Tarot”, loses its value when one considers that “Tarot” is only the French variant on the original Italian name “tarocchi”.)

In less obtuse terms, the Tarot would then be a series of metaphysical ‘facts’ after the manner of the Zen Ox Paintings. From the first to the last of the Major Arcana (“Big Secrets”) they are arranged as a series of lessons, or a parable of the passage of the soul. From the “Fool” 0, the tabula rasa, naive and artless child-mind, a quest is laid out which is meant for the spiritual edification of the student.

A number of scholars of the western Hermetic or Magical traditions have made such claims of the Tarot having ancient roots and lessons. Look to the works of Robert Fludd or Albertus Magnus for deeper inspections. Another school of thought believes that the Roma people, travelling through many cultures, picked up this pictorial wisdom, and being inventive by nature, created a form of divination (and perhaps of card games) from it. The idea is that they understood and kept the knowledge of the mystery-lessons of the picture-cards in private, while in public they used the cards for profit through divination and card games.

From our Daily Tarot

10 of Pentacles


Meaning:
Family
Loyalty
Totality
Stability
Idealism
Reunions
Prosperity
Integration
Abundance
Community
Celebration
Community
Friendliness
Achievement
Establishment
More than enough
Symbology:
Arch: Arches are symbolic of openings, passage-ways, and initiations. In a reading, the arch is a symbol of a new direction for the querent. This new opening or path is indicated by the card.
Children: Children represent promise, hope, fresh starts, new beginnings, new ideas, and a fresh way at looking at the world. Children are full of promise for the future and as such they are a symbol of this promise. When they show up on the cards in a reading it could mean the beginning of a new venture, the promise of a new beginning, or it could literally mean children are on their way (new births/adoptions).
City/Village: Cities and villages represent centers or gatherings of people, thoughts, energy and ideas. They are a symbol of the culmination of a group that meets for a common goal. They also symbolize protection, harmony, and team-work. When you notice the cities/villages in a reading it indicates a group effort is required, or the querent must tap into some energy centers or thought centers to accomplish what he/she must.
Dogs: Man (and woman’s) best friend – symbol meanings of the dog deals with fidelity, honesty, loyalty, and truth. When the dog symbol pops out at us, we might aks ourselves one of the following questions: 1) Where are our loyalties? 2) In what are we putting our faith? 3) Are we being true to ourselves? To our community? The dog in our cards is also a good indication that we’re on the right track as they are symbolic of stability and righteousness
Flag: When we consider the cards on which the flag is featured we get a good concept of its symbol meanings. The flag is an announcement to change – something has shifted and a flag makes the world aware of this shift. It is a bright, bold obvious sign that a new day is dawning. This is not about subtle shifts – the flag is about “in-your-face” transformation; an event to announce to all who will hear
Staff (in the non-elderly adult male’s left hand, Rider version): Here we are recognizing staff’s found in the cards that are specifically used for support by the archetypes in the cards. With this parameter in mind, staff symbol meanings deal with support, stability, direction, and single-ness of purpose. The staff is also a symbolic representation of the numeral one, and as such is carries a meaning of new beginnings, first-attempts, and again, single-mindedness in thought as well as deed
Interpretation: The scenario in the ten of pentacles is wrought from a strong bond among people who share a common vision and who have worked loyally together to coax that dream into reality. This is a manifestation of mass proportions and it’s reality comes about on multi-levels.
Achievement of core goals as demonstrated in the ten of pentacles requires mammoth life choreography. Consider the myriad of personalities within any organized group. Now consider just a few of these elements required to bring about a consensus of vision to allow for the group to “win” as a whole:
Strong foundation
Intense focus
Unshakeable commitment
Empathy for all the members in the group
Perspective in the present moment
Foresight for future outcomes
Diplomatic leadership (the kind that leads while enabling others to be leaders too).

Tags: PenteclesTarot

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